Architecture-aborted flight. On the 66th anniversary of the adoption of Resolution No. 1871
Architecture before 1989 in the USSR was simply impossible! There was construction. There was a construction industry. Mass production. There were no individual differences. Is it bad? Such house-series could be easily planned. Count. I think the future belongs to concrete as a building material. The reason is its cheapness. In Russia, there is no such school of design as in the West. There, of course, they learned how to shape materials. Modern materials. Most of us don't know how to do it. We act out of habit. The Stalinist architecture was excessively heavy. Bulky on purpose. Overcomplicated. Architectural thought has not kept pace with the changes in society. Therefore, they "chopped" from above. Like, hurry up.
I will quote from the infamous Decree of November 4, 1955 No. 1871 "On the elimination of excesses in design and construction»
Especially large excesses were made by the architect Rybitsky in the built house on Chkalov Street, for the decoration of which expensive materials, complex architectural decorations and decorative arcades were used; when planning apartments, the areas of the front, corridors and other auxiliary rooms were unacceptably overstated. The cost of one square meter of living space in this house is 3,400 rubles, which is two to three times higher than the cost of living space in economically designed houses.
To deprive the architect Rybitsky of the title of the winner of the Stalin Prize, awarded to him for a residential building on Chkalov Street in Moscow, in the project of which major excesses and shortcomings in architectural and planning solutions were allowed.
With Stalin, of course, we are a little behind-purely Russian specifics. The monarch grew old, decrepit. Changes were slowed down. And there was no time to wait. Society was moving forward. And now it's going straight.
Why are our houses so ugly? This is due to the development of new material without knowledge. Today, this is largely overcome. There are quite beautiful buildings made of precast concrete. People don't give a damn about architecture. They are not interested in it. Architecture is only interested in a private customer who makes it for himself. But not the people. In the USSR, it was designed on the principle that the cheaper, the better. People who received housing could not choose it. Getting a home was important to them in itself, not beauty and aesthetics. Architecture-aborted flight. The ban on architecture. The cheaper, the better. What should the architect do in this situation? No way. In such conditions, architecture is impossible.